With a recent finding of a solution by Canadian researchers, nanoparticles, the fatal flaw of condoms seems to be alleviated soon. Condoms that are known to show a sizeable 15% failure rate were lately soaked in some solution brimming with “remarkable”, miniscule nanoparticles by University of Manitoba. The team accomplished that the treated condoms seemed to wipe out complete HIV and STDs in the laboratory tests.
According to the group’s paper recently released in the International Journal of Nanotechnology, “Till now, there has been no single condom with additional protection against sexually transmitted infections available on the market,” The paper further noted, “the infectiousness of the virus could be completely inactivated,” with the exposure of nanoparticle condoms to HIV.
Being minute groups of atoms built by researchers, Nanoparticles are so cramped that thousands of groups are required to correspond with the proportions of human being’s red-blood cells. The rare traits that nano-sizing lends to are an interest of deep study in multiple areas, and a number of particles already see their use in consumer goods spanning from scratch-resistant eyewear/spectacles to fairly-gripping vehicle tires.
Speaking on the conversion of silver into nano-sized bits, the Lead Study Author, Dr. Steve Gordon – chief scientist at ProsurX said, “At such nanoscale, the extremely small size of silver particles exhibits remarkable, unusual physio-chemical properties and biological activity.” He also cautioned that if at the day’s end, the condoms are still kept in the pocket, the task remains ineffective.
Their miniscule dimensions also suggest they may be fastened on something such as a polyurethane condom not disturbing the condom’s size and shape.
Till now how, precisely, the silver nanoparticles counteracts HIV and other STDs is yet a conundrum. It may be the molecules or silver ions that connect to the virus and inhibit it from gluing to cell “receptors” in the body of host. Alternatively, they could really alter an essential protein on the surface of Virus, and in that manner abstain it from going with host cells. Few condoms are presently processed with some anti-microbial element, known as Nonoxynol-9. Current researches, yet, have demonstrated that N-9 has the tendency to spark inflammation and infections in the genitalia, absolutely making problem more apparent.
Dr. Steve Gordon said in a statement, “The silver nanoparticles do not cause inflammation”. He further added, “And the nano-treated condoms have the added advantage of being quickly discarded, meaning the potentially toxic metal does not linger in users’ bodies.”
Presently, the study is in its initial stages, but, with animal experiments on the silver nanoparticle treated condoms as the coming step, and potential launch in the market comparably far off.
Celebrated as one of the well-known HIV scientists of Canada, Dr. Julio Montaner said, the notion is pretty “intriguing” and is being welcomed with open arms.
For the moment, still, the most important issue with contraceptives is not actually 15% failure rate it has in preventing sexually transmission infections, the problem is many people still deny to utilize them, according to a B.C Centre for Excellence Head in HIV/AIDS domain.